Strict Liability: The rule which provides that under Article 2.1 and Article 2.2, it is not necessary that intent, Fault, negligence, or knowing Use on the Athlete’s part be demonstrated by the Anti-Doping Organization in order to establish an anti-doping rule violation. This means that every athlete is strictly liable for the substances found in their urine and/or blood sample collected during doping control, regardless of whether the athlete intentionally or unintentionally used a prohibited substance or method.
The List of Prohibited Substances and Methods (List), updated annually by WADA, is the International Standard defining what is prohibited in- and out-of-competition. The List also indicates whether particular substances are banned in particular sports.
Here athletes can find the 2023 WADA Prohibited List.
The spirit of sport is expressed in how we clean climb and respect the sport. Doping is fundamentally contrary to the spirit of sport. Doping is defined as the occurrence of one or more of the anti-doping rule violations set forth in Article 2.1 through Article 2.11 of UIAA antidoping rules. Consequences of Doping can be physical and mental health, social and economic effects, and sanctions.
Physical and Mental Health consequences
Medications are for people with specific health issues – not for healthy athletes. These medications are not approved to be used by healthy people, in higher doses nor in combination with other substances. Taking them when your body doesn’t need them can cause harm to your body and terminate your athletic career. Some banned substances which athletes have also used are not medications.
There are side effects, and we will mention some of them.
Social and Economic consequences
For Anti-Doping Rule Violations of presence or use of a prohibited substance, the basic rules are as follows:
There are 11 anti-doping rule violations
WADA and other anti-doping organizations do not approve, certify, or endorse any supplement products. Ultimately, this means that taking a supplement can cause an athlete to test positive. Taking a supplement may also be harmful to athlete health and may have a negative effect on performance. The reality is that the use of dietary supplements can be risky, and that awareness and caution must be exercised when considering their use.
Athletes, like all people, may have illnesses or conditions that require them to take particular medications or undergo procedures. If the medication or method an athlete is required to take to treat an illness or condition happens to fall on the World Anti-Doping Agency’s (WADA) Prohibited List, a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) may give that athlete the authorization to take a substance or use a method that is prohibited.
Applications for TUEs are reviewed by a panel of experts, the TUE Committee (TUEC) who may give such permission.
The following guide makes essential reading and provides the following information:
– What are the criteria for granting a TUE?
– Who should apply for the TUE to the UIAA, where and when?
– How to apply to the UIAA for a TUE?
– How to submit a request for recognition of NADO’s TUE to the UIAA?
– When will I receive a decision on my TUE application (or request for recognition)?
– How about the renewal of my TUE?
– What if my UIAA TUE application is denied?
– What if my NADO’S TUE is not recognised by the UIAA?
If you have a doubt as regards to which organization you should apply for a TUE, or as to the recognition process, or any other question with regard to TUEs, please contact:
Dr Marija Andjelkovic
UIAA Anti-Doping Commission President
In accordance with WADA’s International Standards for Testing & Investigation, the ISMF has created the Registered Testing Pool (RTP). The RTP of highest-priority Athletes established separately at the international level by ISMF and at the national level by NADO, who are subject to focused In-Competition and Out-of-Competition Testing and therefore are required to provide whereabouts information as provided in Article 5.6 of the Code and the International Standard for Testing and Investigations (WADA International Standard for Testing and Investigations 2023).
Athletes who are chosen to be in Registered testing pool need to provide whereabouts information. Providing whereabouts is about protecting right to clean sport. Whereabouts information gives the ISMF the ability to locate athletes with no notice. Knowing where athletes can be found for testing is crucial for ensuring effective anti-doping program. Athletes in registered testing pool are asked to provide whereabouts information to ISMF about:
For those athletes included in a RTP, one 60-minute time period a day, where athlete will be available for testing, must also be provided.
WADA’s Anti-Doping Administration and Management System (ADAMS), is an online tool that athletes can access anytime and anywhere to update their whereabouts information. ADAMS is free, easy to use, and its multi-level access control ensures the privacy and security of information.
In March 2017, the World Anti-Doping Agency launched on its website a specific section called “Speak Up!”.
Designed to protect clean athletes, this section can be used to report information on any suspected breach of the World Anti-Doping Code
We would like to inform our stakeholders, including but not limited to athletes and athletes’ support personnel, that they can get in touch with WADA and share information related to doping in total confidence.
Through its website, anti-doping intelligence captured or received is handled securely and confidentially, sources of intelligence are protected, the risk of leaks or inadvertent disclosure is properly addressed, and intelligence shared with you by law enforcement, other relevant authorities and/or other third parties, is processed, used and disclosed only for legitimate anti-doping purposes.